Termessos is an ancient
city and a unique monument of ancient times. The city is located in the
south-eastern part of the historical region of Pisidia which is 30 km far from
Antalya. To get to the city is very difficult. It is located high in the
mountains at an altitude of 1050 meter to the south of Mount Gulluk Solum.
Termessos ruins for centuries overgrown with dense vegetation, and to this
broad royal road on the way to the city turned into a narrow path. About the
lost high in the mountains city for a long time no one remembered. Exploring
the flora and fauna of the area of the area Goron Edward Forbes in 1842 by
accident reminded the world about this unique historical monument. It should be
noted that scientists still did not understood well this area. It destroyed
trails, streets and houses keep a lot of secrets that is the source for
research of archaeologists. Many treasures are buried under the ruins of the
ancient city. The first settlement of the ancient city have been known since
the 3-rd millennium BC. The city was built in the 6th century BC. e. After some
time was established contact with the Lycian city Phaselis, through which
residents received free access to the sea. The flowering of the city took place
on the 2nd and 3rd century BC. At that time he was an ally of Rome. The Senate
gave him independent status and granted permission for independent coinage. All
the buildings and structures of the city, which can be seen today are of this
period of history. The city is not subjected to renovation or reconstruction.
The most powerful earthquake 5-9 centuries have transformed the magnificent
city in ruins. These natural disasters disrupted the water supply system, and
the inhabitants were forced to leave the city. The story of the legendary monument of antiquity overed. Until now, no one lives in
Termessos. Ancient monuments in Turkey managed to survive in that kind as he is
in the 9th century AD it was abandoned by the people. Successful strategic
position did not allow the city never fall into the siege. The city had its own
established system of water supply through which people did not afraid to be
captured or to be in the enemy siege. Termessos is a part of the National Park.
All the splendor of the mysterious ruins on the background of wild nature and
rocks freely open eyes of visitors to the ancient city. Termessos means
"high castle in the mountains." Unique built city did not allow the
enemy to get inside. On both sides-Western and Eastern city was protected by
cliffs, and the entrance to the valley was defended by a strong upper and lower
city walls. Entrance to the city passes through the gates built into the walls.
To the south of the mountain Solim channels have been found carved into the
rock, which stretched for 30 km to Antalya. Presumably on these channels was
flowing wine and olive oil. Then it was poured into jars and transported by sea
to other countries for sale. Alexander Great moving out of the city Perge to
Phrygia was defeated after he tried to capture the impregnable Termossosa. The
legendary commander could only arrange arson olive groves near the city.
Excursions Between the tombs that were built on the hills, there are sarcophagi
and tombs. "Aslan" is the most famous tomb. On the pedestal is
installed tomb with reliefs of the head of Medusa, theatrical masks, and other
ornamental plants. Another famous tomb of the city is a monument-mausoleum
Alchetasa warrior. Hellenistic theater in the area is very unusual. The
uniqueness of its structure gives the rock in which it was built. Capacity of
the theater is about 4000 spectators. From the top of the theater hill have a
nice view of the valleys which begins since Pamphylia till Antalya. There is
also a Profilon (monumental gate) Hadrian and 6 temples (Temple of Artemis,
Temple Soleteusa, Artemis (2 century BC) temple). How to get there? You can
book a tour from a guide or travel agency or just by yourself to rent a car.
The city is located in the north west of the center of Antalya province on the
road to Korkuteli. Near the National Park "Güllük - Termessos" is a
pointer to enter to the territory. It is necessary to turn right and go into
the forest. The entrance by car will cost you about 10 lira.